In Spain in the thirteenth century, the term Spanish guitar, which evolved from Persian, has already formed. In the wide variety of musical instruments of the time, “Molar Guitar” and “Latin Guitar” have appeared. The body of the Moorish guitar bulges from the back of the ellipse and uses metal strings. The playing style is relatively rough. The Latin guitar body is similar to the 8-shaped flat bottom structure of the modern guitar.
The Renaissance was the heyday of guitar. In the sixteenth century, the four-pronged guitar and its close relative, the fingerboard violin, reached a very high standard in both performance and creation. Guitar and Vivillage are not only popular with the people, but also often become court instruments. The guitars of the time, Bivilla masters Milan, Narvais, Mudala, and five groups of Baroque guitar masters Sans, Corbetta, Versailles and so on in the seventeenth century. Many of their works are still immortal wealth in modern classical guitar tracks. At that time, the notation used by guitars, vibraphones, and other musical instruments was not the current staves. Instead, they used horizontal lines to represent each string, and used numbers or letters to represent phonemes and fingerings, and the six lines used in modern acoustic guitars. Spectrum similar icon notation.
At the time, the famous works of Lutzen Boulevard and Weiss and others were adapted by later generations and occupied an important position in today’s classical guitar repertoire. The immortal works created by the great baroque master Bach, such as the cello, the violin set, and the guitar arrangement of the sonata, have immortal value in classical guitar music. In the late eighteenth century, Lutzen and Vivillanes gradually withdrew from the stage of history. Five pairs of polyphonic strings and the six pairs of subsequent strings of guitars gradually completed their historical mission. Around the year 1800, the new six single-chord guitars quickly gained the favor of nearly all European countries with their clear harmony and ease of tuning. The golden age of classical guitars finally arrived.
In the early 19th century, the most famous guitar masters who were active in the guitar music centers of Paris, Vienna and London at the time were Sol, Aguado, Giuliani, Caroli, and Carcassie. Among them, Sol and Giuliani are outstanding musicians in addition to guitar masters. They created the first large-scale repertoire including concertos for six-string classical guitars with outstanding talents, laying the foundation for the future development of six-string guitars. . In particular, Sol inherited the classical music traditions of Haydn and Mozart in his creations. In addition to writing opera and dance music, he also created a large number of outstanding works for guitar, including systematic exercises and tutorials, and was called “guitar” by music critics. Beethoven of Music.”
In the late nineteenth century, the famous guitar musicians were Koest, Mertz, Kano, and Reganchi. Many of their outstanding works for guitar were the classics of guitar music in the 19th century. The guitar can flourish in the 20th century and reach an unprecedented splendour. To a large extent, thanks to the “father of modern guitars,” Terenga in-depth study of the guitar from the manufacture, musical instrument performance, playing techniques and tracks and other aspects And innovation. Tarrega and his teacher, Alcas, have been working with guitar producer Torres and eventually produced a modern classical guitar with an expanded body, increased volume, and significantly improved instrument performance.