(1) the posture of singing; the posture of singing; the vertical and the sitting posture.
To practice singing, we must first have the correct standing posture. Correct standing is the basis for correct breathing and correct sound production. But it is easy to be ignored by beginners.
For example, someone falls down to relax before exhaling, causing chest collapse and abdominal protrusion:
In addition, some people stand as “rest” when singing. These are not relaxation when singing. They are not a natural, active and full-spirited state of singing. On the contrary, they make the singer in a state of slack and procrastination. How can we sing enthusiastically?
Another example: Some people look down at the music while singing, which not only oppresses the chest, but also makes the cervical spine unable to stretch. We should know that the forms and habits of singing, such as shoulder clamping, concave chest, stomach straightening, neck stretching, crooked head, eyes looking at heaven, will directly affect the functions of the organs of vocalization and coordination among them, leading to wrong vocalization.
The correct standing posture should be: body standing naturally, full of spirit, positive mood, chest naturally rising, abdomen contraction; feet slightly separated in octagonal shape or one after another, about the same distance as shoulder width;
The center of gravity is slightly forward, the cervical spine and lumbar spine are extended, the forehead is slightly forward, the chin is relaxed and slightly backward, and the eyes are flat.
Put your shoulders down and stretch back slightly. Don’t strain your facial muscles. Feel your lower abdomen in line with your eyebrows and try to relieve all unnecessary tensions.
If you pay attention to the correct standing posture in singing, and do it conscientiously, it will benefit greatly.
Two. Sitting style:
When sitting and singing, the upper body posture is the same as when standing, but pay attention to the waist should be straight, do not lean on the back of the chair, legs naturally bend, separate, feet landing. Do not overlap your legs, otherwise it will affect the patency of the breath. When you sing the music, you need to sing in both hands. When shooting, the left hand holds the spectrum and the right hand lightly paddle.
In a word, when singing, the posture should be correct, natural and beautiful. The standard is that it does not interfere with the normal activities of the whole vocal organ and is conducive to singing.
(two) breathing in singing
Breathing is the driving force of singing. When people are calm, the time of inhale and exhalation is the same, and the volume of inhalation is small. When speaking, it also consumes the breath at any time. But when singing, the expiration time is much longer than that of inspiration, so breathe in must be full. In singing, the exhalation should be kept as long as possible, and the breath should flow out evenly and steadily, so that the breath can be changed into sound, and the purpose of controlling the intensity, weakness, length and short of the voice freely can be achieved.
Ancient people said that “good singers must adjust their breath first”, and today Chinese and foreign singing and performing artists also attach great importance to the breath of singing. Some people say that “the art of singing is the art of breathing”. Although this expression is partial, it shows the importance of breathing in singing. Breathing in singing is very different from breathing in peacetime. It is a special way of breathing.
First, how to inhale:
When you breathe in, you need to breathe in both the mouth and nose to the bottom of the lung. With the abdominal wall under the heart socket as the center, the lower part of the thorax expands outward (the ribs feel obvious), the diaphragm drops, the bottom of the thorax extends downward, the whole thoracic cavity expands and the lower abdomen contracts. Inhalation in singing is deeper than that in subconscious breathing on weekdays. The decrease of diaphragm and the expansion of thoracic cavity cause the increase of inspiration. In this way, the diaphragm grasps the initiative of breathing and completes the task of controlling breath with the abdominal muscles. This is a conscious and active inspiration.
Two, how to exhale:
When breathing out, the state of inhalation must be maintained. Because at the beginning of exhalation, the weight of ribs and the resilience of the diaphragm are helping the exhaled muscles to compress. If the inspiratory muscles relax suddenly during the vocalization, the breath will be released immediately, and the voice will lose the support of the breath. Students often feel that the breath is not enough when singing, mainly because of this reason. Therefore, when singing, we should maintain the state of inhalation, that is, to maintain the expansion of the chest and diaphragm around the waist as the basis point to support the singing, feel that the voice seems to fall on the air, supported by the air, or to say that the voice is singing on the air. At the same time, keep the chest slightly upright (usually collapsed when exhaling), the lower abdomen in order to maintain the expansion of ribs and chest slightly upright state and tighten. Breathe slowly, evenly and gently exhaled in the absence of relaxation of the breath muscles. Because the breathing muscles and the inspiring muscles always work at the same time, that is to say, they produce confrontation and form a kind of singing momentum, which creates a pressure air column in the chest, makes the breath exhaled have a certain strength, and also makes the voice produced have a strong quality. This is often said to be the controlled voice. We use the breathing method when singing. Thoracoabdominal breathing