1, push the string and release: make the sound raise the half tone (or whole tone), then return to the original position. The three sound is connected, and only the first sound is played.
2. Push strings in advance: push strings first, raise the half or full tone, and then play again.
3. Pre-push string and release: first push string to raise half tone (or whole tone), then play and put back to the original position.
4. Unified String Pushing: Play two notes together, raising the strings of the lower notes to the pitch of the higher ones.
5, trill: push the string with the left hand and release or use the crank to make the string vibrato.
6, intense vibrato: use left hand or crank to play a vibrato with raised voice.
7. Sliding: Play the first note, then slide the finger of the left hand up or down to the second note, the second note need not be played again. (the second sound needs to be played is also a slide, note, but the markings of the two are different).
8. String: Play the first lower note, then hammer the strings with another finger to produce the higher note, the higher note does not need to be played any more.
9. Gouging Strings: Two fingers hold down the grade to be pronounced at the same time. Play the first note first, then move the strings with the fingers of the left hand to make the second lower note pronounced.
10, vibrato: use the string and hook string to play the notes and the small notes in brackets.
11. Spot string: first with the right forefinger or middle finger to hit the designated grade, and then with the left hand string finger on the designated tone hook string playing.
12, PEAK scraping string: the edge of PEAK slid over the strings, resulting in scratching sound (note not noise).
13, Pi Kezhen: fast and continuous playing.
14. Natural overtone: when the right hand plays the sound, the left hand touches the overtone point at the same time.
15. Artificial Overtone: The left hand presses the string normally, and produces overtone by touching the overtone point with the edge of the right thumb or the tip of the index finger. High volume or distortion will bring more overtones.
16. Vibrato: the pitch of a sound or chord, which falls back to a few degrees and then goes back to its pitch.
17, palm muffled: through the right hand touch the strings before the bridge to tone the tone.
18, muyin: put your left hand on the strings instead of pressing the strings, and play the blow with your right hand.
19. Rhythm: the fingering of chords and chords can be represented by chord diagrams.
20, single note rhythm: single note can be expressed in rhythm. The number in the circle above the note indicates which string to play, and when the continuous note is played on the same string, the index is the number of grades.